Mubarak’s Achievements: 20% of Egyptians Under Poverty Line
|Thursday, July 12,2007 16:14|
The report of " The Strategic and Economic Trends" issued by Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies blamed the successive governments for the responsibility of deteriorating economic situations in a way that increased poverty, unemployment unprecedentedly, and it warned against the regime"s flagrant nepotism to the upper classes .
The report was issued by Ahmed Al Sayed Al Nagar, an economist in the center, and it included a chapter entitled "Poverty and Marginalization in Egypt" in which he reveals clearly the status quo of poverty among Egyptian people, something that we may call it " this is the map of poverty in Egypt"; also, the report gave the real figures of unemployment rates which are greatly underestimated by the government.
The report confirms that the economic marginalization is one of the main factors for impoverishment, not only to the well known section of the poor constituting workers, hired farmers and small-size farmers, but to other important sections in the middle class, including graduates, intellectuals and owners of minor and family projects. The report points out that depriving any human being of educational and health services is eventually depriving him for academic and health services and denying them work and participating in the economic activity and leading a decent way of living.
The report says that the flagrant nepotism from the part of the Egyptian political regime to the upper class and its various interests and also the control of the capital over the regime, all these contribute to widening the gap between classes and increase injustice in a way or another; all this leads to an overall marginalization, including the economic marginalization, against wide sections of the society, in addition to the spread of corruption that which leads to illegally transferring public properties to private companies and investments, and even transferring them to pockets of bureaucrats pockets as a price for getting licences or easing measures.
The report confirms that Egypt is currently suffering from a horrible level of poverty and marginalization, although they aren"t appearing as they are on reality. According to official figures, the relative share of the revenues owners to rose from 51.5% in of the gross domestic product at lat 1980s to about 71.4% of this GDP in mid 1990s while the relative share of owners of wages and salaries and pensions decreased from 48.5% from the gross domestic product in the late 1980s to 28.6% from this GDP in 1995.
According to the Minister of Planning poverty is being reduced in Egypt. This is an optimistic assessment to say the least. World Bank figures published in 2005 indicate that in 2000 almost 3.1 per cent of the population (that is around two million people) lived on $1 a day or less and that 43.9 per cent (or 28 million people) lived on $2 a day or less. According to a survey conducted in 1999 and 2000, the poorest 10 per cent of the population made 3.7 per cent of the country"s income. The poorest 20 per cent made 8.6 per cent of the income. The second poorest 20 per cent made 12.1 per cent of the income. The third poorest 20 per cent made 15.4 per cent of the income. The second richest 20 per cent of the population made 20.4 per cent of the income. The richest 20 per cent of the population made 43.6 per cent of the income. And the richest 10 per cent made 29.5 per cent of the country"s total income.
Comparing these statistics with the survey held in 1991, we will find that the rich became richer and the poor became poorer as the relative share of the poor and medium incomes deteriorate from the total national income, while the richer section becomes richer mainly at the expense of the middle class.