The great showing of the Muslim Brotherhood in the last parliamentary vote set a new chapter for the group whose history can be divided into three phases:
1- The era of its founder, Hassan el-Bana, that had come to an end upon his assassination.
2- The period of allying followed by disagreement with the Revolution. It was the most critical epoch for the group.
3- The era of the group’s reconstruction. It ranged between 1974 and 2004, when its leadership was respectively in the hand of Omar el-Telmesany, Hamed Abu el-Nasser, Mustafa Mashhore and Manmon el-Hedaby. The Brotherhood tried to recover its action and expansion after being persecuted by the late president Abdul Nasser. The government attitude toward the group in that time varied; the MB is tolerated but outlawed.
The group under its seventh leader, Muhammad Akef, wrote a new page of its history, i.e. its reform initiative launched on March 3, 2004. This step was still premature till its real emergence remarked by the group’s demonstrations on March 27, 2005 then the nationwide demonstrations on May 4, 2005.
Then the Brotherhood sought to form alliance with the political opposition powers. The Unified Front for Change formed on June 30, 2005 was the fruit. In the wake of this stage, the parliamentary polls kicked off. The group showed its momentum picking up 88 seats that may have been jumped unless the government bids to clamp down on the group’s wins.
In fact, the integrated reform platform is not a nascent tendency of the Brothers; it has been fostered sine its founder. However, the political aspect prevailed over its main activity, i.e. Dawah (preaching). Irked by its political influence, successive administrations fought the group. Subsequently, the Muslim Brotherhood was on the rocks from time to another.
The outcome of the parliamentary vote illustrated the group as the largest grassroots movement. Thus this ballot represents a truing point in the history and the future of the Brotherhood. It brought up many questions about the real scope of its political activity. When observers believe that it predominates the movement’s other roles, its members assert that it occupies a small room of its agenda.
Actually, the movement’s achievements pose a public duty on it; that compasses Dawah, social, reformist, and political burden at once. Supported by populace, the brotherhood should be at the vanguard of an all-embracing reform, in which the aforementioned aspects are indistinguishable.
In other words, the Brotherhood should produce an applicable model that supply a base to its political action and forms a part of its Dawah and social message.
To illustrate, the group should combine between having an example that would bring the nation back to its religious authority and the true application of this model in the various prospects of life. Accordingly, the movement ought to crystallize its own political version and seek to put it on the ground. Unquestionably, the movement’s gains brought it out of the security and media ambush to face anther challenge; the actualization of its political outlook.
The headquarters of the MB’s parliamentary representative will be the bowl of these tasks since they provide a direct medium of communication with the grassroots. They, in addition, are the stage of the group to display its comprehensive version of reform.